Utility Patents

A utility patent may be granted to anyone who invents or discovers any new and useful process, machine, article of manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof.   Utility patents are used to protect the functional aspects of an invention and are used across all fields of technology. For example, a utility patent may be granted for mechanical, electrical and optical devices, manufacturing processes, chemical processing,  chemicals, drugs, some forms of software, biologicals, biological testing, artificial organisms, genetics, and so on.